Study / Prospects for the evolution of energy costs and mitigation levers for industry

Energy prices significantly increased since the end of 2021. Prospective scenarios from various organizations, conducted prior to the current geopolitical crisis, also predict a long-term upward trend for natural gas, coal and oil.

This study compares production costs between 2020 and 2030 for five industrial sectors with different energy price trajectories. To mitigate these effects, several solutions exist today.

This report focuses on the following six options:
  • Flexibility solutions
  • Energy efficiency actions
  • PPA / GPA contracts
  • Self-consumption
  • Local energy communities
  • Green energy supply contracts
Several criteria were considered in order to evaluate their relevance.

Executive summary